WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT FACE MASKS – BY A DOCTOR

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT FACE MASKS – BY A DOCTOR

The dictum in the use of masks is simple, my mask protects you; your masks protect me. It is for this reason we are ALL urged to wear even a basic form of facemask, like your handkerchief!

A face mask actually means any object meant to cover a PART or ALL of the face. In the current context of Covid 19 however the highly sought face mask is a form of personal protective equipment (PPE) designed and intended to be worn for many reasons : Hopefully good ones. Let’s get the facts straight.

1. Mask filters Air Before it is Inhaled

A face mask that covers the nose and mouth is capable of filtering AIR before it is inhaled and reduces as such dust and numerous other noxious particles that may otherwise access the airways and lungs. In medical jargon, this is referred to as ingress diminution.

2. Protects Wearer from Simple Contaminants

Face masks also protect the wearer from a host of other invisible contaminants in the air we breathe. Like infective spores, aerosolized microbes and toxic fumes.

3. Protects People Around Wearer

Face masks can protect the wearer to a good extent from acquiring unwholesome air or aerosol borne infective agents/contagion. However, less appreciated is the fact that they can very well protect others around the masked person who may be the origin of a transmissible pathogen by air. This purpose is called source control.

4. Masks May Not Protect Wearer!

Protecting the wearer is difficult. The type of masks that can protect a wearer are medical-grade respirator masks, properly fitted, and careful put on and taken off. Even with these specialized masks, the wearer has to take the above steps seriously otherwise it will defeat the purpose of the mask in protecting the wearer. If one wears a mask for a long time and thereafter view its inside and outside surfaces in a microscope, one will definitely find a host of microbes “festering” therein.

5. Droplets Can Escape from Masks

Face masks trap to various degrees droplets which the wearer may expel when coughing, sneezing, spitting and less obviously when speaking casually. These body fluids may directly transfer to another individual or indirectly via formites. Face masks reduce this risk substantially.

6. Cloth Masks Protect Others

Simple cloth masks especially those made of cotton offer the NON health worker some degree of protection but are very effective in lowering the transmission potential of any infective material from the wearer to OTHERS by as much as 99%! Egress diminution.

7. Sophisticated Masks are for Health Workers

The more sophisticated face masks are made for Health workers who on most occasions need protection from the “suspect” clients they attend to. Some of these masks have finer air filtration capability (e.g. N95), tighter/leak proof face fit, a more comfortable design and material selection. Some even have valves made to ease breath exhalation for the wearer but by so doing negates all the protection it offers to bystanders.

8. Helps Wearer Avoid Touching Face

One totally unappreciated role of the face mask is that it hinders the wearer from touching his/her face (especially the nose and mouth areas) as often as would have been without the mask.

9. Watch Textile Used for Homemade Masks

Homemade masks are becoming trendy, especially with the realization that they can be made to fit our clothes and become a fashion statement. Fine and good, BUT, the kind of textile matters. NON breathable materials are counterintuitive as the wearer can only breathe air that passes around the mask and not through. In this scenario much of the protective value for the wearer and others is lost.

10. You Protect Me with Your Mask; I Protect You with Mine!

The dictum in the use of masks is simple, my mask protects you; your masks protect me. It is for this reason we are ALL urged to wear even a basic form of facemask, like your handkerchief!

Abba Kyari: Presidency bars ministers, journalists, other burial attendees from Aso Villa

Abba Kyari: Presidency bars ministers, journalists, other burial attendees from Aso Villa

The Presidency has described the decision of security officials to bar attendees of the burial ceremony of the late Chief of Staff, Mallam Abba Kyari, from the State House as “normal protocol.”

Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity, Mallam Garba Shehu, stated this in twitter handle @GarShehu: “There is nothing extraordinary about those of us who attend Abba Kyari’s funeral being advised to distance ourselves from the Villa. This is in line with the standard rules put in place by the National Centre for Disease Control, @NCDCgov and the Federal Ministry of Health. You do these things to stop the spread of #Coronavirus. For the most part, the Villa has operated digitally in the last few weeks so there is really nothing new to this.”

He said those who attended the event were supposed to proceed on self-isolation immediately after the ceremonies.

In another statement on Sunday, the Presidency told the media staff and State House correspondents who covered or attended the burial to self-isolate for the next 14 days.

The Deputy Director, Information, State House, Attah Esa, in a statement titled ‘Advisory to State House Correspondents/Media Staff,’ said, “As a precautionary measure, all State House Correspondents and Media Office Staff who covered/attended the funeral prayer/burial ceremony of the late Chief of Staff, at Defence House and Gudu Cemetery Abuja, respectively, are strongly advised to work from home for the next 14 days.”

In response to journalists who wanted the true picture of things, the presidential media aide said: “It is true. It’s nothing that anyone should be angry about. They were just obeying rules. We have all attended the burial of a close friend in this season, anyone will know that after such occasion, you are meant to proceed on self-isolation. So what happened was standard protocol.

“If you observed, we have mostly been working digitally, most of our works have been done digitally, in observance of the social distance advice,” he said.

Shehu was reacting to an online report that senior State House officials were denied access into the Villa after attending the burial ceremony, which included prayers on the corpse of Kyari at the Defence Guest House in Maitama and an interment at Gudu Cemetery.

The report had claimed key aides to President Muhammadu Buhari, who attended the burial, incurred the president’s displeasure for allegedly violating Nigeria Centre for Diseases Control (NCDC) regulations, especially social distancing.

Among those turned back from the State House were Chief Protocol Officer, Ambassador Lawal Kazaure, Special Assistant to the President, Yusuf Sabiu, nephew to the president, Musa Haro Daura and Garba Shehu, National Security Adviser, Babagana Monguno, Director-General of National Intelligence Agency, Mr. Ahmad Rufai, and Personal Assistant on New Media to President Buhari and Bashir Ahmed.

Kyari died Friday from COVID-19 in a Lagos hospital and was buried in Abuja on Saturday. His burial attracted criticisms from Nigerians who decried the zero observance of social distancing at his residence and burial site where there was a clear violation of NCDC regulation of not more than 20 to 50 people at event of that nature.

Nigeria records highest COVID-19 infections in single day

Nigeria records highest COVID-19 infections in single day

Nigeria has recorded a huge 86 new cases of Coronavirus, taking its total figures to 627.

The 86 new infections represent the biggest to be released by the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, since the pandemic began.

Lagos has 70 new cases out of the 86 new cases.

In the remaining 16 cases, Abuja has seven, Katsina, three; Akwa Ibom, one’ Jigawa, one; Bauchi, one and Borno, one.

“Eighty-six new cases of coronavirus have been reported; 70 in Lagos 7 in FCT 3 in Katsina 3 in Akwa Ibom 1 in Jigawa 1 in Bauchi 1 in Borno.

“As at 11:50 pm, 19th April, there are 627 confirmed cases of coronavirus reported in Nigeria. Discharged: 170; Deaths: 21,” NCDC said on its twitter handle.

Jigawa and Borno States are new entrants into the league of states with Coronavirus.

Lagos has continued to record huge confirmed cases, with its total figures now 376.

How States Stand

Lagos- 376

FCT- 88

Kano- 36

Osun- 20

Oyo- 16

Edo- 15

Ogun- 12

Kwara- 9

Katsina- 12

Bauchi- 7

Kaduna- 6

Akwa Ibom- 9

Delta- 4

Ekiti- 3

Ondo- 3

Enugu- 2

Rivers-2

Niger- 2

Benue- 1

Anambra- 1

Borno- 1

Jigawa- 2

COVID-19 is not a death sentence, says WHO

COVID-19 is not a death sentence, says WHO

The World Health Organisation (WHO) Office in Nigeria has said COVID-19 is not a death sentence.

The UN health agency, in its official Twitter account @WHONigeria, commended the country’s health workers for the feat.

“COVID-19 is not a death sentence. Thanks to all the health care workers serving tirelessly to ensure no lives are lost and more people discharged.

“Physical distancing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of the COVID19,” it tweeted

The agency also advised people to say no to hug at Easter and adopt nodding as a way of greeting.

“Avoid hugging, limit close contact with others, especially if they are showing flu-like symptoms,” it said.

Nigeria reports 10 new coronavirus cases in Lagos, Abuja

Nigeria reports 10 new coronavirus cases in Lagos, Abuja

Nigeria now has 10 new cases of the novel coronavirus, the nation’s health minister confirmed on Saturday.

This brings the total number of cases in the country to 22.

“Nigeria has recorded 10 new cases of #COVID19 in Lagos and FCT,” the Minister, Dr Osagie Ehanire, said in a tweet. “That is a total of 22 cases in Nigeria.”

According to the minister, Lagos has 16 cases, while the FCT has three cases.

Ogun state and Ekiti also have two and one cases respectively.

“Two have been discharged,” the Minister said. “All cases are clinically stable and receiving adequate care.”

All ten new cases are Nigerian nationals and nine of them have a travel history to Canada, France, Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom, the Minister said.

The 10th case is a close contact of a previously confirmed case.

The three cases in Abuja are being treated at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH), Gwagwalada, while the seven new cases in Lagos are being managed at the Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH), Yaba.

“All ten new cases have mild to moderate symptoms and are currently receiving treatment,” Dr Ehanire said.

The Minister said contact tracing is ongoing to identify all persons who have been in contact with the confirmed cases.

The Ministry of Health has also heightened screening of all air, land and sea points of entry into Nigeria, Dr Ehanire said.

The Minister reiterated, to the public, the importance of social distancing and other necessary precautions, such as frequent hand-washing.

Lagos govt isolates suspected coronavirus patient in Mainland hospital

Lagos govt isolates suspected coronavirus patient in Mainland hospital

The Lagos State Government has begun investigation into a suspected case of Coronavirus in the State, as the suspect has been isolated.
A tweet by the Lagos State Ministry of Health on its Twitter handle on Wednesday night said the attention of the Lagos State Ministry of Health has been drawn to news making the round about a “suspected case of #COVIDー19 @Reddington Lagos.”
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The government said action had been taken by the Ministry of Health and that the situation was currently being investigated.
The government said the patient has been isolated at the Mainland Hospital and that blood samples had been taken for investigation, while the result was being awaited.
“We are currently investigating. Patient Isolated at Mainland Hospital. Blood samples taken for investigation and we await result,” the government said.
“We would like to reassure Lagosians that our vigilance levels are high and we are putting more measures in place to safe guard our State,” it said.